1. The Fertile Window- The fertility period is when ovulation happens and the egg is released from the ovary. The menstrual cycle is approximately 21 to 35 days. Fourteen days prior to this ovulation occurs. Therefore, it is ideal for couples to have sexual intercourse near the time of ovulation. When the egg is ruptured it remains alive for 24 hours and sperms remain alive for 36 to 72 hours. Timely intercourse during this period has the maximum chance of conceiving.
2. Menses- In menses there will be inherent normal or abnormal bleeding, period cramping, nausea, vomiting and GI distress.
3. The follicular phase- This is when an egg matures in the ovaries. It’s part of an ongoing process in the body in the reproductive age which matures the egg. Simultaneously, the endometrium lining will also build up for the incoming embryo.
4. Ovulation- Is the specific period when the egg is released from the ovary. This is the most fertile period and occurs 14 days prior to menses and is considered the ovulation day.
5. Luteal phase- Is the phase post-rupture of the egg occurs. The body prepares for the coming embryo. If there is no embryo formation then the prepared endometrium thickness sheds and the patient goes into menses.